Bioinformatics generates new knowledge of biology and medicine by and improving and discovering new models of computation. It is the application of computer science in biology and medicine. That is contrast to biomedical informatics where information science substitutes computer science. It also applies more generally to biology where medical (biomedical) informatics refers only to health care.
Bioinformatics computation .
- DNA computing
- neural computing
- evolutionary computing
Knowledge required is frequently similar to biomedical informatics. Algorithms, databases and information systems, web technologies, artificial intelligence and soft computing, information and computation theory, software engineering, data mining, image processing, modeling and simulation, signal processing, discrete mathematics, control and system theory, circuit theory, and statistics.